Author Archives: Christine Kuntz

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Christine Kuntz in Contract Law, Small Business

When is a Purchase Order a Contract?

A purchase order lands on your desk.  Most of the terms are good, but that extra item the salesperson promised is missing.  You’ll work that out later, right? Beware.  Under many circumstances, a purchase order creates a binding contract. When is a Purchase Order a Contract?   A purchase order becomes a binding contract when...

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Christine Kuntz in Trademarks and Copyright

How Long Is The Trademark Registration Process?

You’ve come up with a great name for your new product.  Let’s say you’ve made a new toy for children and you want to protect your intellectual property. For the actual product, you can file a patent.  A patent states that you invented it and no one else can copy it (assuming you have a novel...

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6 Reasons to Create a Business Plan

6 Reasons to Create a Business Plan December is National Write a Business Plan Month.  Whether you are launching a start-up or expanding your current business, use a business plan to take your business to the next level. Despite what you have heard about back-of-the-napkin business plans from hoodie-wearing techies, a business plan is so...

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Christine Kuntz in Contract Law, Small Business

The Unknown Superpowers of the Indemnification Clause

Deep in the boilerplate of your contracts lurks a clause called the “indemnification clause”.  What is this clause and is it important? Simply stated, the indemnification clause is an agreement to shift financial risk from one party to another.  It defines who will bear the burden of an unknown, future financial liability arises.  Think of...

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What’s the Difference Between Trademark and Copyright?

If you own a business, you are probably aware that it is important to protect your intellectual property. Perhaps this has been on your radar for a while, but you’re not sure what intellectual property you have and where to start.  For example, do you need a trademark? A copyright? Both? Luckily for you, Concerto...

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Confidentiality Agreements in Plain English

Simply stated, a Confidentiality Agreement is a legal contract where at least one party agrees not to share or inappropriately use certain information. These agreements are often called nondisclosure agreements, but other than the name, there is no difference.  Both agreements prohibit the disclosure of information. When to use a Confidentiality Agreement? Confidentiality agreements are...

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Why You Shouldn’t Ignore the Boilerplate in Your Contract

The term “boilerplate” is one of those terms in the English language that everyone seems to use without pondering what it actually means.  Say “boilerplate” and most people think of the tiny print of dense legalese that no one reads. Without going into the history of the word, boilerplate (in the context of business contracts)...

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Christine Kuntz in Business Formation, Small Business

How Do I Form a Business in Pennsylvania?

Forming a business can be overwhelming.  You have to navigate government regulations, select the appropriate business entity form, obtain licenses and insurance, and so much more.  How-to books and legal websites make it appear simple, but there are many pitfalls for the inexperienced.  Here is a brief guide to forming a new business in Pennsylvania....

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Christine Kuntz in Business Formation, Small Business

Is Your Home-Based Business Legal?

Sole-proprietors, freelancers, and start-ups frequently work from home (or at least begin there).  Unfortunately, it is not as easy as putting up the proverbial shingle.  There are many legal traps for home-based businesses. Before launching your home-based business, do not forget to investigate these often-overlooked legal matters: Business Formation. Risk management Do you want to...

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Christine Kuntz in Trademarks and Copyright

Why Should I Register A Trademark?

I already registered my name with the State.  Isn’t that enough? Many people think that registering your business with the state gives you the exclusive right to your business name or slogan.  This is not true. State registration is a tax matter.  The state wants to keep track of who is doing business in the...

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Christine Kuntz in Nonprofit Organizations

Do You Need a Small Games of Chance License for your Fundraiser?

At your last fundraiser brainstorming session, that purse bingo idea was stellar. You advertised and generated a lot of interest — including government interest. Now the county treasurer is requesting to see your small games of chance license. Oops. Pennsylvania considers raffles, bingo, 50/50 tickets, auctions, and other common fundraisers to be gambling. Yes, gambling....

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Tune-Up Your Business Today!

September 25th is National Tune-Up Day.  Just as you tune-up your heating system before winter arrives, you also need to periodically tune-up your business to keep it operating efficiently and effectively. How Do I Tune-Up My Business? Business Basics. Start with the basics.  Your entity formation and governing documents. Re-read your LLC Operating Agreement or...

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8 Elements of a Great Employee Handbook

Do you wonder whether you need an employee handbook?  Are you struggling to figure out what to write in your handbook?  In this post , we discuss when you need an employee handbook and the 8 elements of a great employee handbook. Why have an employee handbook? An employee handbook sets expectations for the employer...

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Christine Kuntz in Business Formation, Small Business

Common Funding Sources for Pennsylvania Small Businesses

Money keeps small business owners awake at night.  Starting a small business takes a significant amount of courage and cash.  Many aspiring entrepreneurs talk themselves out of pulling the trigger for fear of debt.   Concerto Law is a proud supporter of small businesses.  Each week, our blog provides practical strategies to help you grow...

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Christine Kuntz in Nonprofit Organizations

What is the difference between “Nonprofit” and “Tax-exempt”?

Is there a difference between a “nonprofit” and a “tax-exempt” entity?  Yes.  While the terms are related, not all nonprofits are tax-exempt.  Knowing the difference is important to directors, managers, and even donors. What is a Nonprofit? “Nonprofit” refers to a type of entity.  Though each state has its unique requirements, “nonprofit” means the organization...

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